How Payment System Works

 How Payment System Works

What exactly is money?

Money serves three purposes. It is a unit of value that we use to save and, of course, to pay with. We used to barter using goods and services instead of money. However, if everyone takes money, paying with money is a considerably more efficient means of payment than bartering.
How Payment System Works
 How Payment System Works
Important takeaways
  • Customers can execute transactions using chip cards or cellphones with contactless payment.
  • Contactless payments are faster and more secure than credit cards, because they eliminate the risk of physical contact.
  • Investing in contactless payment hardware and software can help the move go smoothly.

Cash and non-cash payments are accepted.

Payments include all transactions to purchase goods and services. In this regard, we distinguish between cash and non-monetary payments. 

Cash transactions are payments made with cash money. Non-cash transactions include electronic payments.

The banknotes and coins in your wallet are referred to as cash. Non-cash money is money in your checking or savings account. 

We spend money sometimes and receive money other times, such as when we sell items or receive income. Non-cash and cash money are used by consumers, businesses, and governments alike.

This is how cash payments function.

When you pay with cash, you hand over coins or banknotes to the seller of the product you're buying. The transaction is executed in real-time. 

However, the funds must come from somewhere. As a result, banks place orders with DNB for euro banknotes. CIT businesses collect it and deliver it to ATMs and merchants. That is how stores collect their money.

ATMs and some bank locations accept cash withdrawals. You can also deposit money as a consumer on select devices. 

After that, it will be credited to your bank account. There are other machines designed expressly for shopkeepers to deposit receipts. 

CIT businesses transport the funds to a cash sorting facility. The money is examined to ensure that it is real, unsoiled, and undamaged. 

The accepted notes re-enter circulation straight through an ATM. The remaining notes are sent to DNB for an additional check, after which damaged and filthy banknotes are shredded. What if we discover counterfeit banknotes?

We then send them to the National Analysis Centre for examination. However, the banknotes that we approve are packed and ready for bank orders.

This is how electronic payments operate.

When you pay online or in a store, a lot happens behind the scenes. Banks and other parties initiate a series of alerts and activities that culminate in the crediting or debiting of funds to the buyer's and seller's accounts. 

There is also a transaction between the seller's and buyer's banks in this chain. Fund transfers between EU banks are handled by DNB and the other central banks via TARGET2, a specialized payment mechanism.

Commercial banks require collateral for these transactions.

What does DNB contribute to the payment system?

The statutory task of De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) is to promote the smooth operation of the payment system. 

Through our monitoring, oversight, our own operational role in the payment system, our cash job, and our participation in the National Forum on the Payment System, we ensure that payment transactions are secure, efficient, dependable, and accessible (NFPS). 

Our supervisory staff is in charge of institutions that facilitate payment and securities transactions. Through our Tiber-NL program, we also give special attention to cyber-resilience.

Everyone has access to a payment system.

Our goal is to make it simple for everyone to make payments. Making payments, however, can be difficult for a huge number of people, including the elderly, the blind, and the deaf. 

That is why we collaborate with other organizations that represent various consumer groups, retailers, payment service providers, and banks. This is done through the NFPS, a platform dedicated to providing an efficient, dependable, and accessible payment system.

Contactless payment methods are functional.

As a small business owner, it's critical to stay current on emerging technology that can help your company. This is particularly true in the case of payment processing.

Customers want quick service and little personal contact during purchases. One approach that speeds up checkouts and reduces physical interaction between personnel and clients is contactless payment processing.

Contactless payment entails the use of chip cards (also known as smart cards) or other devices that do not require customers to swipe a credit card. When making purchases, about 80% of consumers currently use contactless payment.

Customers are embracing contactless payment because technology is fast, secure, and minimizes physical touch while completing transactions, according to a Mastercard study—a safety worry that many experts think will persist.

This article will assist you in determining whether contactless payment makes sense for your expanding business, including how it works and how much it costs.
Contactless payment methods are functional.
Contactless payment methods are functional.

What exactly is contactless payment?

Contactless payment is a safe payment mechanism that allows customers to make transactions without having to touch the payment terminal.

Instead of swiping a credit or debit card or paying with cash, a consumer can merely hold their chipped debit or credit card, smartphone, or another device near the payment terminal—typically four inches away-and the payment will be processed with their financial provider.

How does contactless payment function?

Contactless payment operates by exchanging radio waves, which is referred to as near-field communication (NFC).

To connect with the payment terminal, the payment device, also known as a radio frequency identification (RFID) reader, uses radio frequency. 

In a matter of seconds, the smart gadget delivers data to the RFID reader and the accompanying point of sale system (POS) used to finalize customer transactions. 

Although you may not have realized it, NFC and RFID have been a part of your daily life for many years. This technology is used to scan things at the grocery store, check out a book from the library, and scan the tags on your luggage at the airport.

This is how the transaction works:
  • NFC technology must be present on both the payment terminal and the customer's card or device. The customer will be prompted to pay for their transaction by your payment terminal.
  • The customer's chip card or device is linked to their bank, which then electronically transmits information to the payment terminal.
  • A successful transaction is then indicated by a green light, buzzer, or checkmark on the payment terminal.

Contactless payment system types

Chip cards or mobile wallets and apps that store credit card information on a device are the two methods for processing contactless transactions.

Cards that accept contactless payments

Contactless payment cards, also known as chip cards, are credit and debit cards that can communicate with payment terminals via NFC. 

A chip card will feature a wave-like symbol on its back, similar to the Wi-Fi emblem, indicating that it can be used for contactless payments. 

These contactless cards are linked to a customer's bank account and communicate data securely without the need for a swipe.

App or mobile wallet

Customers can also link their payment information to mobile devices, smartwatches, and other intelligent, wearable gadgets.

Apple Pay, Google Pay, and Samsung Pay are all popular payment apps. Mobile wallets function similarly to contactless payment cards in that the customer touches their device near the payment terminal to complete their transaction.

The Advantages of Contactless Payment Systems

Contactless payment systems provide numerous advantages, including increased security. Traditional credit card readers are vulnerable to fraud and identity theft because hackers can install malware to collect cardholder data. 

However, with contactless payment systems, a customer's card or device's personal information is encrypted and continually changing, making it extremely difficult to steal.

Contactless payments are also more sanitary because they limit physical contact between you and your clients as well as communally used surfaces. It is still critical to reducing the spread of germs and viruses in the aftermath of the COVID pandemic.

Both businesses and customers agree that the pandemic has resulted in a 30% increase in contactless payments. Contactless payment has been used by large stores such as Taco Bell, Starbucks, and H&M, with smaller retailers following suit.

Every day, you and your employees have numerous close encounters with consumers as a business owners. To reduce safety concerns, follow CDC guidelines and restrict your physical encounters with customers.

And, as if security and sanitary business practices weren't enough, contactless payment speeds up transactions and gets people out the door in half the time. Customers will no longer have to wait in huge lines.

What technologies are required for contactless payment?

A compliant point-of-sale system that supports NFC processing is required to implement contactless payment for your small business. 

Check with your current POS system or credit card processing operator to see what choices they have. Most services will accept contactless payments.

Each POS system has its own pricing and functionality, however not all POS accept contactless payments. Talk to other local business owners to learn about their payment options. You might begin by investigating Helcim and Square, both of which accept contactless payments.

Helcim and Square are two prominent credit card processing firms that take payments from all major credit card issuers, including Visa, Mastercard, American Express, and Discover, as well as Apple Pay and Google Pay.

Helcim has a monthly fee of $20 plus interchange fees, which you pay with each transaction. Depending on how many payments you make, fees range from 0.25% to 0.3% plus 7-8 cents per transaction.

Your rates will be reduced as you complete more transactions. The Helcim payment calculator can assist you in determining how much you'll owe every month with this option.

Square provides free POS software as well as a variety of hardware alternatives, such as credit card readers and payment terminals that allow contactless payments.

Square prefers businesses with fewer monthly transactions by charging a flat cost for each transaction regardless of the number of transactions completed. You will be charged 2.6% + 10 cents for every transaction. For example, if you execute 100 $5,000 transactions in one month, you'll spend $140 in costs.

Square hardware, such as a card reader for contactless payments, is also required and costs $49.

Begin taking safe contactless payments.

Contactless payment solutions can help your company stand out and cater to the numerous clients who have embraced this new technology since the outbreak.

If your present POS does not handle contactless payments, you can look into alternative payment processing options. 

Running seamless and safe transactions will provide you with a solid foundation as you continue to advertise and sell your local business.


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